Profile 网络社会年会

第三届网络社会年会-智慧都市网络(IUF)报告人 | 罗布·范·克拉内堡:数码双胞

布·范·克拉内堡(Rob van Kranenburg)是一名老师与作家,曾为荷兰网络文化研究撰写《网络笔记02:物联网——环境科技与无线射频技术的全视网络批评》一书,并与Christian Nold共同最富影响力的物联网刊物与智库——创办欧洲物联网委员会。Rob专精于共同创造、活动组织与传播、社群参与、社群中的个人网络与可见度,目前担任欧盟地平线2020计划TagItSmart生态项目的负责人。

Rob van Kranenburg is a teacher and a writer. He wrote The Internet of Things. A critique of ambient technology and the all-seeing network of RFID, Network Notebooks 02, Institute of Network Cultures. Together with Christian Nold. He founded Council, theinternetofthings.eu, the most influential ‘newspaper’ and think-tank on Internet of Things. His main expertise lies in co-creation, dissemination and event organization, community engagement, the personal network in the community and visibility. Currently he is involved as Ecosystem Manager in @Tagitsmart and @NGI4EU.


数字双胞胎
Digital Twins

品,人员,房屋,情况[1]和工业过程都会辐射数据并创建数字双胞胎。目前这些双胞胎在分析层中作为一组属性,存在于很多人手中,但实际上并未受到多方利益相关者的控制。

任何人或任何在该层(定义日常治理)上的代理人必须抓住分配、撤回、验证和定义权利(entitlements)的本质的实践和理论;谁/什么/何时/何地如何存在以及为何存在?这种情况就数字双胞胎实际上开始回到“相似”物体中启动这个意义上是混合杂交的。

这是本体论变革的时刻。它需要一个关于身份本身概念的新工具集。在思考“权利”时解构身份开辟了一个新的价值和服务领域。在自动驾驶汽车的例子中,这种思维方式可能会引发关于权利的责任争论,而不是对真实的人的身份的争论;特定驾驶员(护照上写明的特征和某些其他的特点)和特定车辆的任何组合。这种推理可以扩展到网络中的任何服务。

[1]关于日常生活分类1.0 CSPRD03的公开讨论,请见
https://lists.oasis-open.org/archives/coel-comment/201805/msg00000.html
该讨论于2018年5月23日结束。

Goods, persons, houses, situations[1] and Industrial processes all radiate data and create digital twins.
These twins exist as sets of properties in an analytic layer that is in many hands at the moment but not really under multi stakeholder control.

Whoever or whatever gains agency in and on that layer (which defines governance of the everyday) must grasp the practice and theory of assigning, withdrawing, validating and defining the very nature of entitlements;
who/what/when/where exists how and why? The situation is hybrid in the sense that the digital twins actually begin to actuate back in the ‘analogue’ objects.

This is the moment of ontological change. It demands a new toolset on the notion of identity itself. Uncoupling identity in thinking of “entitlements’ opens up a new field of value and services.In the case of self-driving cars this way of thinking could argue for liability not with real person-identities but with ‘entitlements’; any combination of a particular driver (with particular points on a passport and certain characteristics) and a particular car. This reasoning can be extended to basically any service in the network.

[1] The public review of Classification of Everyday Living Version 1.0 CSPRD03, announced in https://lists.oasis-open.org/archives/coel-comment/201805/msg00000.html, closed on 23 May 2018. No comments were received.

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