I obtained the PhD. (engineering) Degree from the department of the civil engineering after graduating from the master course of the civil engineering of the University of Tokyo in March 2003. The PhD. thesis was “Key parameters controlling movements and deformations of landslide masses in earthquakes and discussions for coping with landslide disasters” that developed a numerical simulation method for large deformation analysis of soil. Since then, from April 2009, I was engaged in research on urban disaster prevention as an assistant professor at Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo. I was engaged in research on disaster prevention process engineering as a lecturer at the Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies, the University of Tokyo from October, 2014. Then from September 2018, I am engaged in the research as an associate Professor, Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies/ Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo.
My research is disaster management process engineering. The process approach is very important to understand the comprehensive/ diverse disaster activities as for the standard operation procedure of disaster management. The 48 kinds of 500 disaster management processes which were analyzed the whole process of disaster response are defined by the field research of past responses. My disaster response process modeled the disaster response which could be evaluated complicated and quantitatively, realizing “disaster response simulation”. In collaboration with the real-time tsunami simulation using super-computer at Tohoku University, integration of research and development from hazard to disaster response were achieved. The achievement on complicated and diverse disaster response model to build up the framework of disaster management has greatly contributed academically.
The developed system were used to real disaster responses during the disaster management Headquarters in Asakura City of Fukuoka prefecture, in Kurashiki city of Okayama prefecture and municipalities in Kumamoto prefecture. The system is expected to expand to about 1,700 municipalities in the future. Internationally, my disaster response process will be developed as an international SOP (Standard Operation Procedure) in collaboration with the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency, Bangladesh Disaster Prevention Bureau, Myanmar Disaster Management Bureau, University of Hawaii etc.
Disaster Process Management System
There are many small local governments in Japan. 53% of local governments have less than 30,000 populations. It is difficult to hire the specialists of disaster management for these small sizes of local governments due to the small budget. However, Japanese disaster basic act ask that the all local governments have to prepare the disaster management plan considering with local situations (population, geological condition, in-land or coastal area, industrial structures and etc.). For the local offices without special knowledge about disasters, it is difficult to make the plan by themselves. Therefore, most local government cannot create the standard framework or standard operation procedure. Regarding to information sharing during disasters, disaster headquarters and sites of evacuation facilities are difficult to manage concerning disaster information under the situation without the standard framework or standard operation procedure. And, the practical training/ drill are difficult to be provided to the local government staffs due to the lack of time, knowledge and budget.
This research is to define the response process and optimization of workload needed for disaster response for the standard framework of disaster management in Japan. The focus of the research is to simulate the available and necessary responses based on the disaster occurrence situation based on the location of hazard attack, social conditions etc. A developed system called BOSS (Bosai or Business Operation Support System) is to support a disaster process management for a disaster situation. 48 kinds of works and about 500 processes are defined to analyze disaster responses in BOSS. To show how the response system works, after the location of a disaster has been identified, social data, the damage estimation and the necessary responses are described. The PGA (Peak Ground Acceleration) distribution according to the monitored data for an earthquake disaster is used to calculate the damage situation, and then the volume of response workload is evaluated based on the damage level. BOSS is used in the Kumamoto prefecture in Japan where experienced for the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake disaster for the verification and update PDCA cycle for the response processes.
The training system is needed to educate the stakeholders to understand effective disaster responses by BOSS. This research also developed the disaster management training program by Disaster Management Training Center in the University of Tokyo (DMTC) to provide the professional disaster related knowledge and skills.