Profile 网络社会年会

第三届网络社会年会-智慧都市网络(IUF)| 沼田宗纯:灾害过程管理系统

田宗纯20033月完成东京大学市民工学硕士课程后,获得土木工程系博士学位。博士论文是控制地震中滑坡体的运动和变形的关键参数,关于应对滑坡灾害的讨论,该文发展出了土体大变形分析的数值模拟方法。从20094月起,沼田宗纯作为东京大学工业科学研究所的助理教授从事城市防灾研究。201410月,沼田宗纯作为东京大学信息研究学院的讲师从事防灾过程工程的研究。从20189月起,沼田宗纯作为副教授,参与东京大学工业科学研究所的跨科系信息创新信息研究工作。

我的研究是灾难管理过程工程。就灾害管理的标准操作程序而言,过程方法对于了解综合/多样化灾害活动非常重要。通过对过去的灾难应对方式的田野研究,确立了500个灾难管理过程和48项工作,它们分析了灾难应对的全部过程。我的灾难应对过程建立了灾难应对模型,可以进行复杂和定量的评估,实现灾难应对模拟。与东北大学使用超级计算机的实时海啸模拟相结合,实现了从灾害到灾害应对的研究与开发的整合。建立灾害管理框架的复杂多样的灾害应对模型在学术上做出了巨大贡献。

开发的系统被用于福冈县朝仓市,冈山县仓敷市和熊本县的灾害管理总部,用于实际的灾害应对。该系统预计将在未来扩展到约1,700个城市。在国际上,我的灾害应对程序将与印度尼西亚国家灾害管理局、孟加拉国防灾局、缅甸灾害管理局、夏威夷大学等合作,发展成国际SOP(标准作业程序)。

I obtained the PhD. (engineering) Degree from the department of the civil engineering after graduating from the master course of the civil engineering of the University of Tokyo in March 2003. The PhD. thesis was “Key parameters controlling movements and deformations of landslide masses in earthquakes and discussions for coping with landslide disasters” that developed a numerical simulation method for large deformation analysis of soil. Since then, from April 2009, I was engaged in research on urban disaster prevention as an assistant professor at Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo. I was engaged in research on disaster prevention process engineering as a lecturer at the Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies, the University of Tokyo from October, 2014. Then from September 2018, I am engaged in the research as an associate Professor, Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies/ Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo.

My research is disaster management process engineering. The process approach is very important to understand the comprehensive/ diverse disaster activities as for the standard operation procedure of disaster management. The 48 kinds of 500 disaster management processes which were analyzed the whole process of disaster response are defined by the field research of past responses. My disaster response process modeled the disaster response which could be evaluated complicated and quantitatively, realizing “disaster response simulation”. In collaboration with the real-time tsunami simulation using super-computer at Tohoku University, integration of research and development from hazard to disaster response were achieved. The achievement on complicated and diverse disaster response model to build up the framework of disaster management has greatly contributed academically.

The developed system were used to real disaster responses during the disaster management Headquarters in Asakura City of Fukuoka prefecture, in Kurashiki city of Okayama prefecture and municipalities in Kumamoto prefecture. The system is expected to expand to about 1,700 municipalities in the future. Internationally, my disaster response process will be developed as an international SOP (Standard Operation Procedure) in collaboration with the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency, Bangladesh Disaster Prevention Bureau, Myanmar Disaster Management Bureau, University of Hawaii etc.


灾害过程管理系统
Disaster Process Management System

本有许多小地方政府。53%的地方政府人口不到30,000人。由于预算很少,很难为这些规模较小的地方政府聘请灾害管理专家。但是,日本灾害基本法要求所有地方政府根据当地情况(人口,地质条件,陆地或沿海地区,工业结构等)制定灾害管理计划。对于没有灾害特殊知识的当地办事处来说,很难自己制定计划。因此,大多数地方政府无法创建标准框架或标准操作程序。关于灾害期间的信息共享,在没有标准框架或标准操作程序的情况下,灾害总部和疏散设施场所难以管理灾害信息。而且,由于缺乏时间、知识和预算,很难向当地政府工作人员提供实践培训/演练。

该研究旨在为日本的灾害管理标准框架定义灾害应对所需的流程和工作量优化。研究的重点是根据灾害发生情况、社会状况等,模拟可用的和必要的应对方法。开发出的系统称为BOSS(Bosai或业务运营支持系统),用于支持灾害过程管理。48项工作和约500个流程被定义,从而分析BOSS中的灾害应对。为了说明应对系统如何工作,在确定灾害的位置之后,社会数据、损害估计和必要的应对会被描述清楚。根据监测到的地震灾害数据而来的PGA(峰值加速度)分布用于计算损坏情况,然后根据损坏程度评估应对工作量。 BOSS曾用于日本熊本县,在2016年熊本地震灾害中用于验证和更新应对过程的PDCA循环。

培训系统用来教育利益相关者,让他们了解BOSS的有效灾难响应。该研究还开发了东京大学灾害管理培训中心(DMTC)的灾害管理培训计划,以提供专业的灾害相关知识和技能。

There are many small local governments in Japan. 53% of local governments have less than 30,000 populations. It is difficult to hire the specialists of disaster management for these small sizes of local governments due to the small budget. However, Japanese disaster basic act ask that the all local governments have to prepare the disaster management plan considering with local situations (population, geological condition, in-land or coastal area, industrial structures and etc.). For the local offices without special knowledge about disasters, it is difficult to make the plan by themselves. Therefore, most local government cannot create the standard framework or standard operation procedure. Regarding to information sharing during disasters, disaster headquarters and sites of evacuation facilities are difficult to manage concerning disaster information under the situation without the standard framework or standard operation procedure. And, the practical training/ drill are difficult to be provided to the local government staffs due to the lack of time, knowledge and budget.

This research is to define the response process and optimization of workload needed for disaster response for the standard framework of disaster management in Japan. The focus of the research is to simulate the available and necessary responses based on the disaster occurrence situation based on the location of hazard attack, social conditions etc. A developed system called BOSS (Bosai or Business Operation Support System) is to support a disaster process management for a disaster situation. 48 kinds of works and about 500 processes are defined to analyze disaster responses in BOSS. To show how the response system works, after the location of a disaster has been identified, social data, the damage estimation and the necessary responses are described. The PGA (Peak Ground Acceleration) distribution according to the monitored data for an earthquake disaster is used to calculate the damage situation, and then the volume of response workload is evaluated based on the damage level. BOSS is used in the Kumamoto prefecture in Japan where experienced for the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake disaster for the verification and update PDCA cycle for the response processes.

The training system is needed to educate the stakeholders to understand effective disaster responses by BOSS. This research also developed the disaster management training program by Disaster Management Training Center in the University of Tokyo (DMTC) to provide the professional disaster related knowledge and skills.

X
エルメスiphoneケースエルメス。ハーメスは1837年に設立され、伝統工芸に忠実で革新的な国際企業です。バッグ、ハーネス、シルク製品、婦人服、紳士服、宝飾品、靴、香水、腕時計、アート家具、ベルト、手袋、 帽子、エナメルジュエリーとアクセサリー、食品の磁器やその他の16の主要製品カテゴリ。 エルメスは伝統的な職人技と優れた原材料を組み合わせています。 1921年にイタリアのフィレンツェに創業したグッチiphoneケースは、世界をリードする高級ブティックブランドの1つです。 その優れた品質と絶妙なイタリアの職人技で有名なコレクションには、皮革製品、靴、香水、宝飾品、腕時計などがあります。 グッチiphoneケース、そうだよ! 世界最高の高級品、エルメスの底、GUCCIセカンド、シャネルが初!
>